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I. Scientific/Technical/Management Section
II. Servicing Concept with Constellation Systems
III. Goals Pertinent to the Advancement of Science
IV. Identification of Priority
V. Development of New Technologies and Project Heritage
VI. Risk Mitigation of Use with the Constellation System
VII. Data Storage and References


I. Scientific/Technical/Management Section


            The  ability to use GPS for navigation on the lunar surface would allow astronauts the

        ability to travel over the lunar surface with GPS receivers attached to their lunar rovers.

        Two sets of GPS systems would be deployed during the next lunar mission with satellites on

        both sides of the moon allowing for navigation on both the dark and lighted sides of the

        moon.  The Earth side GPS satellites would be positioned over the moon in a lunar

        geosynchronous orbit between the Earth and the moon, while the dark side lunar satellites

        would be positioned outside the orbit of the moon.  The satellites would transmit with

        multifunctional data utilizing both Earth and lunar positions so both astronauts and people

        on the Earth's surface would be able to use the data, although the data bases would  be


           Astronauts using this system would be able to locate their landers and navigate around

        hazardous sites.  The GPS could also improve safety locating rovers that may break down or

        become disabled in the rough lunar terrain.  Data could be incorporated into the Lunar GPS

        system with present Lunar photography.  Rendezvous of multiple rovers could be achieved

        after separate mission events.  Below, the Apollo rover was navigated by visual reference

        and relied on Astronaut's judgment, preplanning and signals from Earth.  With precision

        GPS the Astronaut will have a tool to enhance and bring safety and confidence to his lunar




Apollo Mission

        Newer rover designs could be retrofitted with GPS equipment bringing in a new era of 

        navigation in space.  Lunar satellites would send their signals to modified dish antennae

        aboard their rovers.




II. Servicing Concept with Constellation Systems


           The deployment of the GPS satellites around the moon would be accomplished on

        separate rocket missions or during the first sets of orbits around the moon while the

        Astronauts are preparing for the deployment of the landers.  Satellite orbits on the Earth

        side should be at an altitude above the moon to provide area coverage for the specific

        missions planned for the moon. So if the multiple missions are going to encompass 500

        square miles of moon exploration then a cone of reception would cover this area with 4-5

        satellites.  Since the moon has no magnetic pole this could be the primary form of navigation

        with the secondary being dead reckoning  by celestial navigation and pilotage.


 III. Goals Pertinent to the Advancement of Science

           Below is a display of a potential futuristic Garmin MFD programmed for a Lunar Mission

        with data being transmitted from it's Lunar Satellites.  This data will include man made

        electronic intersections to provide direction and location.  The goals of a navigation system

        for exploration would benefit  the Astronauts and future missions into space.  Here the

        satellites have detected an overvoltage in the GPS System 1 telling the Astronauts to change

        over to one of 4 backup systems.  Note in far right side of Lunar map the first Lunar Rt1.





Route 1




IV. Identification of Priority


         I.   Earth side testing of concept with present lunar data in simulators.

        II.  Design of satellites and rocketry for mission.

       III. Development of lunar rovers with equipment installed and tested with present Earth

             GPS systems.



          I.     Deploy satellites around the moon.

        II.   Establish signal reception in rover equipment.

       III.  Test navigational data in safe even lunar terrain.

       IV.  Provide foundation for future missions of lunar exploration.


V. Development of New Technologies and Project Heritage

           Since man has not used GPS on other planets or asteroids, experimentation of this kind of

        navigation on the moon would be essential to using GPS in other areas of the solar system. 

        The challenge to improve navigation would bring on safety in exploration.  Had Magellan,

        Columbus, Erickson, or Lewis and Clark been provided with this new marvel of electronics,

        the world would have been a lot easier to navigate.  Not to explore is not human and it's

        what drives the spirit to new heights.  

           The heritage of this type of navigation is new in that it deals with a non rotating sphere and

        would require a new approach to satellite deployment and usage.  The concept of stationary

        satellites is not new and orbital formulas are used every day over the Earth.  


VI. Risk Mitigation of Use with the Constellation System

           Like any new technology research, development and experimentation are costly and

        would require substantial investment.  System simulator testing could reduce risks associated

        with mathematics and wavelengths.  Incorporation into the Constellation system and

        development of a completely new data base would cost approximately 1.7 billion, giving the

        world the first electronic highway in space with Lunar Route 1.  On Earth all roads lead to

        Rome on the moon all roads lead to eternity.


VII. Data Storage and References


           Data storage could be shared or sold to private industry and could be classified as

        governmental or private if non governmental enterprises consider this mission. There are

        numerous scientific servers that can store the data here on Earth or in the future on the

        moon. Location of the Lunar servers could be placed near the lunar telescope.


GPS orbits


Apollo 11


This stunning cinematic event comes to us nearly 50 years in the making. Created from a newly discovered treasure of 65mm footage, and more than 11,000 hours of audio recordings, Apollo 11 takes us into the heart of NASA's most celebrated mission - putting a man on the face of the moon. Featuring remarkable firsthand accounts and perspectives from the astronauts and team leading up to the great event, immerse yourself in this vivid experience that explores the giant leap that changed the world. 93 mins.

Apollo 11- DVD

Item # 705038
Unit Price: $34.95






Aerospace Systems and Training LLC

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PO Box 740263

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Walter Barry

Principle Investigator

Aerospace Consultation

Aerospace Systems and Training LLC